In this roundup of autism statistics, we will explore the global expansion of autism over time and its impact on various aspects of our society.
Key Autism Statistics & Facts
Around 1 in 36 children in the U.S. has been identified with autism, according to the CDC.
Approximately 1% of the world's population has autism spectrum disorder, totaling more than 75,000,000 people, as reported by the CDC.
1 in every 100 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.
Autism prevalence has increased by 178% since 2000.
Qatar has the highest rate of diagnosed autism in the world, while France has the lowest rate.
About 4 times as many boys are diagnosed with autism as girls.
The rate of autism in the U.S. in 2022 is 1 in 100, compared to 1 in 150 in 2000.
Florida has the highest rate of diagnosed autism among states, and Texas has the lowest rate.
Approximately 75% of autistic adults are not employed, and around 40% of children on the spectrum are nonverbal.
The cost of caring for autistic Americans reached $268 billion in 2015 and could increase to $461 billion by 2025.
How Many People Have Autism?
1 in 36 identified with autism (CDC)
1% has autism spectrum disorder (CDC: 75,000,000+ people)
1 in 100 have autism spectrum disorder
Autism prevalence has increased 178% since 2000
Qatar has the highest diagnosed autism rate
About 4 times more boys diagnosed with autism than girls
Autism rate: 1 in 100 (2022) vs. 1 in 150 (2000)
Highest State Rate
Florida has the highest state autism rate
About 75% of autistic adults are not employed
Around 40% of children on the spectrum are nonverbal
Cost of Care
The cost of caring for autistic Americans reached $268 billion in 2015 and could increase to $461 billion by 2025
Autism Rates Over the Last 50 Years
In the 1960s and 1970s, researchers estimated that autism was found in anywhere from 2 to 4 children per 10,000.
Autism’s diagnostic criteria expanded throughout the 1980s and 1990s, which led to a much higher rate of diagnosis.
In 2018, around 230 out of every 10,000 children were diagnosed with autism.
In comparison to the 1970s, there are 50 to 100 times more recorded autism cases diagnosed in the 2020s.
Autism prevalence in children: Around 1 in 36 children has been identified with autism in the U.S. (CDC).
Global autism prevalence in children: Approximately 1% of the world's population has autism spectrum disorder, which accounts for more than 75,000,000 children (CDC).
Diagnosed children: 1 in every 100 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.
Autism prevalence in the U.S.: In 2022, the autism rate is 1 in 100, compared to 1 in 150 in 2000.
Gender disparity: About 4 times as many boys are diagnosed with autism as girls.
Autism prevalence by state: The state with the highest rate of diagnosed autism is Florida, and the state with the lowest rate is Texas.
Early diagnosis: On average, children are diagnosed with autism at around 4 years old.
Racial and ethnic disparities: Autism is diagnosed less frequently among Hispanic and Black children in the U.S. compared to White children.
Autism in twins: For identical twins, if one twin has autism, there is a 76-88% chance the other twin will also be autistic.
Parental age: Advanced parental age is associated with a higher risk of having a child with autism.
Autism prevalence in adults: The prevalence of autism in adults is estimated to be around 1 in 160.
Intellectual disability: About 31% of autistic individuals have an intellectual disability.
Verbal abilities: Approximately 40% of autistic individuals do not have reliable verbal communication.
Sensory sensitivities: Over 70% of autistic individuals experience sensory sensitivities.
Employment: Only 14-23% of autistic adults are employed full-time.
Education level: Around 34% of autistic adults attend college, compared to 48% of non-autistic adults.
Co-occurring conditions: ADHD, anxiety, and depression are common co-occurring conditions in autistic individuals.
Comorbid medical conditions: Autistic individuals are at a higher risk for epilepsy, gastrointestinal disorders, and sleep disturbances.
Early intervention: Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) can lead to significant improvements in language and cognitive skills in children with autism.
Autistic regression: About 20-30% of children with autism experience a loss of previously acquired skills, known as autistic regression.
Camouflaging and masking: Many autistic individuals employ coping mechanisms to "mask" their autistic traits, often leading to late diagnosis.
Diagnosis delay: In the U.S., the average age of autism diagnosis is around 4-5 years old.
Prevalence in siblings: The recurrence risk for autism in siblings is approximately 10-20 times higher than in the general population.
Prevalence in extended family: Autism risk is also increased in second-degree relatives of autistic individuals.
Genetic factors: Genetic heritability accounts for around 80% of autism cases, with numerous genes implicated.
Prenatal factors: Maternal prenatal exposure to certain environmental factors may increase the risk of autism.
Prevalence in different countries: Autism prevalence rates vary across countries, influenced by diagnostic criteria and cultural factors.
Education support: Over 60% of autistic children have been reported to receive special education services.
Intervention needs: Approximately 20-40 hours of intervention per week are recommended for children with autism.
Aging with autism: The number of adults with autism is expected to increase significantly as the population ages.
Autism Rates By Country
Prevalence per 10,000 Children
United Arab Emirates
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines
Republic of the Congo
Trinidad And Tobago
Bosnia And Herzegovina
Sao Tome And Principe
Papua New Guinea
Central African Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Autism Rates by Race & Ethnicity
Autism Prevalence In 8-Year-Olds (2018)
21.2 per 1,000
22.3 per 1,000
22.2 per 1,000
22.5 per 1,000
23.0 per 1,000
Autism Economic Cost Statistics
The cost of caring for autistic Americans reached $268 billion in 2015 (Autism Society).
The annual cost of autism in the U.S. is estimated to be around $236 billion (Autism Speaks).
The lifetime cost of supporting an individual with autism can be up to $2.4 million (Autism Society).
The cost of special education for a child with autism can be up to 5 times higher than for a typically developing child (Autism Speaks).
In the U.S., the average medical expenditures for children with autism are 4.1 to 6.2 times higher than for children without autism (CDC).
The cost of lost productivity due to autism-related unemployment and underemployment is significant.
Families of children with autism face an increased financial burden, often spending 3.2 times more on medical care and therapy (Autism Speaks).
The estimated cost of behavioral interventions for children with autism ranges from $40,000 to $60,000 per year per child (Autism Speaks).
Autism-related expenses can cause financial strain on families, with many reporting difficulty in meeting basic needs (Autism Society).
The economic cost of autism extends beyond direct medical expenses, including caregiving, lost work productivity, and other related costs.
The increased prevalence of autism is expected to result in a rise in overall economic costs related to autism care and support.
Government funding for autism services and research is essential to mitigate the long-term economic impact of the condition.
Investments in early intervention and educational programs for individuals with autism can lead to cost savings in the long run.
The economic burden of autism affects not only families but also society as a whole, highlighting the need for increased awareness and support.
Interesting Autism Statistics & Facts
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 1 in 36 children in the United States has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Autism is more prevalent in boys than in girls, with a ratio of about 4:1.
Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects social interaction, communication, and behavior.
The prevalence of autism has been increasing over the years. In 2000, the estimated prevalence was 1 in 150 children.
Autism is a global issue, with prevalence rates varying across different countries and regions.
Early intervention can significantly improve outcomes for individuals with autism.
Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that it affects individuals differently and to varying degrees.
Approximately 40% of individuals with autism have average or above-average intellectual abilities.
Autism is often accompanied by other medical conditions or disabilities, such as epilepsy, gastrointestinal disorders, and intellectual disability.
About 30% of children with autism have co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Genetic factors play a significant role in the development of autism. Several genes have been associated with an increased risk of autism.
Environmental factors may also contribute to the development of autism, although the specific causes are not yet fully understood.
Autism is typically diagnosed in early childhood, with most children receiving a diagnosis between the ages of 2 and 4.
There is no known cure for autism, but early intervention and appropriate support can help individuals with autism reach their full potential.
Autism is often characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication, such as challenges in understanding nonverbal cues and maintaining eye contact.
Many individuals with autism have intense interests in specific topics and may demonstrate exceptional abilities in those areas.
Sensory sensitivities are common in individuals with autism. They may be over- or under-responsive to certain sounds, sights, textures, tastes, or smells.
Autism can impact a person's daily living skills, including self-care, organization, and independent living.
About 30% of individuals with autism remain nonverbal throughout their lives, relying on alternative forms of communication.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is one of the most widely used and evidence-based interventions for individuals with autism.
Autism is also more common among certain racial and ethnic groups. According to the CDC, the prevalence of autism is highest among white children, followed by Hispanic children, and then black children.
However, researchers caution that these differences may be due to disparities in access to healthcare and diagnostic services.
Assistive technologies, such as communication devices and visual supports, can help individuals with autism improve their communication and independence.
Autism can affect individuals from all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds.
The cost of lifelong care for an individual with autism can be substantial, estimated to be around $1.4 million in the United States.
Transitioning to adulthood can be challenging for individuals with autism, as they often face difficulties in finding employment and independent housing.
About 1 in 3 individuals with autism also experiences anxiety disorder.
Autism is often associated with repetitive behaviors, such as hand-flapping, rocking, or specific routines.
About 50% of individuals with autism wander or bolt from safe environments, which can pose significant safety risks.
Autism is not caused by vaccines. Multiple studies have debunked the link between autism and vaccines.
The prevalence of autism in adults is not well-documented, but it is believed that many individuals go undiagnosed or receive a late diagnosis.
Autism can affect a person's ability to understand and express emotions, leading to difficulties in empathy and social relationships.
About 80% of individuals with autism have at least one sleep-related problem, such as difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
Some individuals with autism have extraordinary talents, such as exceptional memory or advanced mathematical abilities.
The term "autism spectrum disorder" was introduced in 2013 to encompass a range of previously separate diagnoses, including autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
Autism is often diagnosed by a team of professionals, including psychologists, pediatricians, and speech therapists, who assess the child's behavior, development, and communication skills.
Early signs of autism may include a lack of response to their name, limited eye contact, delayed speech or language skills, and repetitive behaviors.
The prevalence of autism is higher in developed countries compared to developing countries, although this may be due to differences in diagnosis and awareness.
Autism can have a significant impact on family dynamics, as parents and siblings may need to provide additional support and adapt to the individual's unique needs.
Adults with autism often face challenges in accessing appropriate healthcare services, leading to health disparities and unmet needs.
Approximately 70% of individuals with autism have one or more additional psychiatric or neurological conditions, such as depression, anxiety, or epilepsy.
The unemployment rate among adults with autism is significantly higher compared to the general population. It is estimated that only about 20% of adults with autism are employed.
Despite these statistics, there is still a great deal of stigma and misinformation surrounding autism. Many people with autism face significant challenges in accessing healthcare, education, and employment opportunities.
Interesting Facts About Support For Autism
It is important for society to work towards greater understanding and acceptance of autism, and to provide support and resources for individuals with autism and their families.
Many individuals with autism excel in careers related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields due to their attention to detail and specialized interests.
Individuals with autism may have difficulties with executive functioning, including planning, organizing, and problem-solving.
The Autism Treatment Network estimates that the average annual medical costs for a child with autism are $4,110 to $6,200 higher compared to a child without autism.
There is no known single cause of autism. It is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors.
A 2018 study published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics reported that the prevalence of autism among 8-year-old children in the United States increased by 150% between 2000 and 2014.
Autism is a lifelong condition, but with appropriate support and accommodations, individuals with autism can lead fulfilling and independent lives.
Some individuals with autism have extraordinary visual or auditory processing skills, allowing them to perceive and process information in unique ways.
Autism is not a mental illness. It is a developmental disorder that affects the brain's normal development and functioning.
The awareness and understanding of autism have improved over the years, leading to increased acceptance and inclusion of individuals with autism in society.
Autism is more commonly diagnosed in affluent families, possibly due to better access to healthcare and diagnostic services.
About 25% of individuals with autism have seizures, which can be managed with appropriate medical treatment.
Autism is not limited to childhood. It is a lifelong condition that continues to affect individuals into adulthood.
The prevalence of autism varies among different racial and ethnic groups, with higher rates reported among white children compared to Hispanic or African American children.
The World Autism Awareness Day is observed on April 2nd each year to raise awareness about autism and promote acceptance and inclusion.
There is a wide range of interventions and therapies available for individuals with autism, including speech therapy, occupational therapy, and social skills training.
Autism can sometimes be associated with medical conditions such as gastrointestinal issues, allergies, or immune system dysregulation.
Siblings of individuals with autism may have a higher risk of also being diagnosed with autism or other developmental disorders.
Autism is not a result of poor parenting or inadequate upbringing. It is a neurodevelopmental condition with biological origins.
Autistic individuals have unique strengths and abilities, and society can benefit from embracing their diverse perspectives and talents.
Ongoing research is focused on better understanding the causes of autism, improving early detection and intervention, and enhancing the quality of life for individuals with autism and their families.
Autism Rates by Country
According to a 2020 report by the World Health Organization (WHO), the estimated prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) worldwide is approximately 1 in 160 children.
The highest reported prevalence rates of ASD are in the United States (1 in 36), followed by South Korea (1 in 86), Japan (1 in 100), and Sweden (1 in 102).
Some countries have lower reported rates of ASD, such as Iran (1 in 1,000) and India (1 in 250).
Autism Rates by State
New Jersey: 1 in 34 children (2.9%)
Arizona: 1 in 41 children (2.4%)
Colorado: 1 in 59 children (1.7%)
Missouri: 1 in 75 children (1.3%)
Wisconsin: 1 in 77 children (1.3%)
Autism Statistics by Gender
Autism is diagnosed more frequently in males than females. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 1 in 36 children in the United States are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed than girls.
However, some studies suggest that autism may be underdiagnosed in girls, as they may present differently than boys and may not exhibit the same stereotyped behaviors.
Autism is also more common among individuals who identify as transgender or gender-nonconforming. A study published in the journal Pediatrics found that transgender youth were more than twice as likely to have a diagnosis of autism or other developmental disorder compared to cisgender youth.
Autism Prevalence By Age
Early Childhood: The prevalence of autism in early childhood can vary depending on the study and criteria used for diagnosis. A widely cited figure is approximately 1 in 36 children in the United States, based on the CDC's estimate for 8-year-old children in their 2016 study.
Adolescence: Autism rates in adolescence are also variable, but studies have indicated that the prevalence tends to decrease compared to early childhood. The CDC's 2016 study found a prevalence of 1 in 77 children for 12-year-olds.
Adulthood: Autism is a lifelong condition, but prevalence estimates for adults can be more challenging to obtain. Limited research suggests that autism rates may remain relatively stable in adulthood, with some individuals receiving a diagnosis later in life. However, the specific rates for different age groups in adulthood are not as well-documented as those for early childhood.
In conclusion, the prevalence of autism is on the rise, with an estimated 1 in 54 children being diagnosed with ASD in the United States. Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than girls, and the prevalence of autism varies by race, ethnicity, and geographic region.
It is important to work towards greater understanding and acceptance of autism, and to provide support and resources for individuals with autism and their families.